Cord Blood is the blood collected from placenta, it is left over in the placenta and in the umbilical cord after the birth of the baby. In the past, cord blood is disposed along with the placenta as clinical waste. Thanks to the advancement of medical science and biotechnology, the medical value of cord blood is unveiled.
Cord blood is rich of Hematopoietic Stem Cells (HSCs) which can differentiate into blood and immune system cells and have significant medical value. Up to 113 diseases such as cancers, blood-related, immunity and metabolic diseases can be treated by cord blood5,6. At present, over 40,000 cord blood transplants (incl. adults / children and autologous / directed allogeneic cases) have been performed worldwide5. The future application of cord blood will be in line with the advancement of regenerative medicine.
Merits of Cord Blood
Less polluted by radiation, viruses and medicines.
High regenerative power.
Obtain from placenta and umbilical cord, no medical risk to mother and infant.
Immediately usable after thawed, no searching time is needed.
The recipient is at lower risk of complications by cord blood transplant, no rejection for own use and low rejection when donating to others.
Easier to Match
No need to be perfect matched, transplant can be done when 4/6 HLA typing matched.
Lower Cost for Collection
Cord blood belongs to the baby, therefore no need to spend a huge amount of money for searching and purchasing.
100% match for autologous transplants.