Cord Blood

Umbilical Cord

Bone Marrow

Sources Umbilical Cord and Placenta Umbilical Cord Bone Marrow
Collection Collect cord blood from the placenta and umbilical cord after the infant is delivered Cut the umbilical cord into small pieces after cord blood collection An invasive procedure which requires a general anesthesia. At least 4-6 months preparation, extracting 1L from the rear of the pelvic bone through a series of injections
Age of Stem Cells 0 0 Same age as the donor
Main Functions Cancers
Blood-related Diseases
Immunity Diseases
Metabolic Diseases
Differentiation: Adipose, Cartilage, Muscle, Skin, Nerve Cells, etc.
Aging Diseases: Arthritis, Bone Fractures, etc.
Chronic Diseases: Diabetes, Hepatitis, etc.
Serious Illnesses: Stroke, Myocardial Infarction, etc.
Blood-related Diseases
Stem Cells Concentration Highest HSCs Highest MSCs Lower HSCs & MSCs
Graft-versus-host Disease(GvHD) Lower chance(None for self transplantation) Lower(Helps increasing the success rate of HSCs transplants and minimizing GvHD) GvHD is the main problem after transplantation and can be fatal in up to 40% of patients
Side Effect No No Danger and pain of anesthesia
Donor's Willingness No No Difficult to find donor