Umbilical cord is the tube connecting the fetus and placenta. It contains rich sources of Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs) and able to differentiate into various tissues and organ cells, including cardiac, nerve, cartilage / bone, muscle and epithelial cells etc. Researches showed that MSCs can stimuate body's regeneration and the reaction of immune system It's a multi-potential cell.
The MSCs in umbilical cord are able to minimize Graft Versus Host Disease (GvHD) in directed and unrelated allogeneic cord blood transplants. It can be applied to chronic illnesses treatment, regenerative medicines as well as organ and tissue engineering. In addition, At present, there are more than 880 MSCs clinical trials6,7, including stroke, spinal cord, injury, diabetes and bone fractures, etc.