Umbilical cord is the tube connecting the fetus and placenta. It contains rich sources of Epithelial Stem Cells (EpSCs), Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs) and able to differentiate into various tissues and organ cells, including cardiac, nerve, cartilage / bone, muscle and epithelial cells etc. Researches showed that MSCs can stimuate body's regeneration and the reaction of immune system It's a multi-potential cell.
Although the research in umbilical cord EpSCs and MSCs are relatively late compared with cord blood , there are more than 980 clinical trials underway using the same type of cell(primarily from bone marrow)6,7. Researchers believe that EpSCs and MSCs may help to treat various conditions such as diabetes, multiple sclerosis, heart failure, liver damage, and bone fractures in the future. Research showed that MSCs can regulate for immune response and spark body's regenerative machinery.
What are Cord Lining Stem Cells?
Cord Lining contains a high numbers of Epithelial Stem cells (EpSCs) and Mesenchymal (MSCs) stem cells which have shown immense potential in aiding the repair of injured tissues and organs and the treatment of various diseases. EpSCs form the soft tissues that connect, support, or surround other structures and organs of the body including cornea, skin, and liver. MSCs are the building blocks of structural tissues of our body such as bone, cartilage, muscle, fibrous tissues and fat. Scientist believe that the cord lining also contains other types of cells which may be useful but have yet to be discovered.
What Is The Difference between Cord Blood and Umbilical Cord ?
Cord blood is a rich source of HSCs which can create the blood immune system, while Umbilical cord is a rich source of EpSCs and MSCs which can create structural and connective tissues. Since cord blood and umbilical cord are rich sources of different types of stem cells, they may help to repair the body in different ways.HealthBaby Consultant
Merits of Umbilical Cord (MSCs)
Less polluted by radiation, viruses and medicines.
High regenerative power.
Obtain from placenta and umbilical cord, no medical risk to mother and infant.
Immediately usable after thawed, no searching time is needed.
The recipient is at lower risk of complications by cord blood transplant, no rejection for own use and low rejection when donating to others.
Lower Cost for Collection
Umbilical cord belongs to the baby, therefore no need to spend a huge amount of money for searching and purchasing