Umbilical cord is the tube connecting the fetus and placenta. It contains rich sources of Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs) and able to differentiate into various tissues and organ cells, including cardiac, nerve, cartilage / bone, muscle and epithelial cells etc. Researches showed that MSCs can stimuate body's regeneration and the reaction of immune system It's a multi-potential cell.
Although the research in umbilical cord MSCs is relatively late compared with cord blood , there are more than 880 clinical trials underway using the same type of cell(primarily from bone marrow)6,7. Researchers believe that MSCs may help to treat various conditions such as diabetes, multiple sclerosis, heart failure, liver damage, and bone fractures in the future. Research showed that MSCs can regulate for immune response and spark body's regenerative machinery.
What Is The Difference between Cord Blood and Umbilical Cord ?
Cord blood is a rich source of HSCs which can create the blood immune system, while Umbilical cord is a rich source of MSCs which can create structural and connective tissues. Since cord blood and umbilical cord are rich sources of different types of stem cells, they may help to repair the body in different ways.HealthBaby Consultant
Merits of Umbilical Cord (MSCs)
Less polluted by radiation, viruses and medicines.
High regenerative power.
Obtain from placenta and umbilical cord, no medical risk to mother and infant.
Immediately usable after thawed, no searching time is needed.
The recipient is at lower risk of complications by cord blood transplant, no rejection for own use and low rejection when donating to others.
Lower Cost for Collection
Umbilical cord belongs to the baby, therefore no need to spend a huge amount of money for searching and purchasing